The second trimester of pregnancy, that is, its fourth, fifth, sixth months, in a healthy woman, as a rule, proceeds calmly. The first period of physical and psychological adaptation has passed, the reactions of the nervous system have been balanced, the nausea that worries some women at the beginning of pregnancy has disappeared, and appetite has improved. In a word, the body has adapted to a new state.
It is still possible to work at the usual pace, almost without changing the lifestyle. If there are no diseases and complications of pregnancy, physical activity is not only not contraindicated, but even necessary. Those who are accustomed to doing exercises in the morning can not interrupt classes – you just need to, as in the first trimester, exclude jumps, jumps, sharp turns. Continue reading
The hypothalamus owes its name to the fact that it is located at the base of the brain in the sub-tubercle region. Translated from the Latin hypothalamus, there is a hypothalamus. This is one of the oldest subcortical formations of the brain, most developed in higher mammals and humans.
The hypothalamus is an accumulation of nerve cells and projection pathways that connect it with other structures of the brain and spinal cord. More than three dozen paired nuclei of the hypothalamus are topographically divided into anterior, middle, and posterior groups, and its projection paths are divided into incoming and outgoing. Extensive anatomical and functional connections of the hypothalamus provide a wide range of its activity. Continue reading
Trying on a twelve-year-old son a new shirt, you noticed that his back became round. We looked more closely and saw what we had not paid attention to before; the angles of the blades are very protruding. Now ask him to bend down and touch the floor with his fingertips. Not enough? So, you have reason to show your son to an orthopedic surgeon, since these three signs can indicate the onset of a spinal disease – juvenile kyphosis. It is called youthful because it is most often detected in adolescents, and boys are sick 3-4 times more often than girls.
“Kyphosis” – means “curved, curved.” But you need to keep in mind. that a normal spine is by no means straight, as it sometimes seems to us. He has physiological bends. The bend in the thoracic region is posterior (“kyphosis”), in the lumbar region it is anteriorly (“lordosis”). These bends are necessary, they increase the endurance of the spine, give it spring properties. Continue reading