Premature baby
A premature baby is considered to be a child born before the 38th week of pregnancy, having a body weight of less than 2500 grams, a body length of less…

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First aid for hypothermia
The effect of cold on the entire surface of the body, when its temperature drops below 35 °, causes general cooling of the body. The prolonged action of low temperatures…

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First aid for hypothermia
The effect of cold on the entire surface of the body, when its temperature drops below 35 °, causes general cooling of the body. The prolonged action of low temperatures…

Continue reading →

during

Leather

Skin is an important and complex organ that performs various functions. It protects the body from external influences (mechanical, chemical, physical). Healthy and intact skin creates a reliable barrier to pathogens. She participates in the processes of respiration, excretion, thermoregulation; its role in metabolism and other vital processes is great.

The outer epidermal layer, or epidermis (I), is isolated in the skin. the skin itself – the dermis (II) and the subcutaneous tissue lying below it – the hypodermis (III).

The epidermis is formed by several dozen layers of epithelial cells lying one above the other. Its thickness is not the same everywhere, the thickest epidermis – up to 1.5 millimeters – has the skin of the soles, palms, and the thinnest – 0.03 millimeters – the skin of the eyelids. Continue reading

Muscle

All the variety of movements that are constantly performed in the body, provide muscles. Thanks to them, the body is kept in balance and moves in space, respiratory movements of the chest and diaphragm, eye movements, voice formation, swallowing, the most important functions of internal organs, including the work of the heart, are carried out.

Distinguish between smooth and striated muscles.

Smooth muscles (Figure I) form the muscle membrane of the walls of the stomach and intestines. bladder, uterus and other hollow organs, as well as blood and lymph vessels, ducts of glands. They consist of small muscle cells, the length of which, as a rule, does not exceed 100 micrometers. The autonomic nervous system regulates the activity of smooth muscles. They do not obey volitional orders, therefore they cannot be reduced and relaxed arbitrarily. Continue reading

Heartburn

Heartburn (sensation of heat, burning behind the sternum or in the epigastric region) occurs most often as a result of throwing acidic gastric contents into the esophagus, where the reaction of the medium is slightly alkaline.

Heartburn is one of the most common manifestations of diseases of the digestive system: esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. In 60-80% of cases, it accompanies peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, chronic gastritis with increased secretory function.

May be heartburn and a consequence of dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter (pulp), located at the junction of the esophagus into the stomach. In such cases, it intensifies when the patient lies in bed or for a long time works in an inclined position, for example, in a garden. Continue reading

Gout
This disease is the result of a violation of protein metabolism, more precisely, the exchange of the so-called purine bases that are part of the nucleic acids of proteins. Translated…

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First aid for frostbite
Among domestic and industrial injuries, injuries resulting from exposure to freezing temperatures occupy a special place. Frostbite is also possible at positive (from 0 to + 5 °) air temperature,…

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Coronary heart disease
The disease sneaks up unnoticed Coronary heart disease develops gradually and by the time it manifests itself, it usually goes very far. For the first time, a disease manifests itself…

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Love Formula
A naive question, even a little ridiculous, if you do not think about it in all seriousness. And if you think about it, it’s an extremely difficult question! We are…

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