Pregnancy
The second trimester of pregnancy, that is, its fourth, fifth, sixth months, in a healthy woman, as a rule, proceeds calmly. The first period of physical and psychological adaptation has…

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Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus owes its name to the fact that it is located at the base of the brain in the sub-tubercle region. Translated from the Latin hypothalamus, there is a…

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Protective barriers in the lungs
It is not difficult to imagine what would happen if the smallest particles of dust, aerosols, various microorganisms contained in the inhaled air fall into the lungs. Very soon, their…

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anatomical

Obesity

Many of those who are overweight or obese and want to lose weight are interested in: can this be achieved with the help of drugs? No you can not.

They may object to me: but there are medicines that suppress appetite! Indeed, there are such medicines – they are called anorectics – they have a depressing effect on the center of hunger in the brain. But these potent drugs are prescribed for a short time and only in a hospital. The patient must be under the supervision of a doctor, since anorectics can cause dysfunctions of the central nervous system, liver, cause mental disorders, insomnia. Therefore, I strongly advise: if you want to lose weight and stay healthy, do not resort to self-medication with anorectics! Continue reading

Diabetes

The number of patients with diabetes in all economically developed countries is growing steadily. Currently, there are about 50-60 million of them in the world. Given that approximately the same number of people have diabetes in a latent form, the total number of patients is at least 100 million people. More often people over 40 – 50 years old get diabetes.

The main reasons for the increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus are many experts consider overeating, an increase in the amount of sugar and other easily digestible carbohydrates in the diet. decrease in physical activity. The hereditary predisposition also matters. The greatest risk of getting diabetes is in those whose mother and father have diabetes (the risk of the disease is 60%). If one of the parents is sick, then the risk of getting sick is 22%, one of the ancestors – 14%, a cousin or brother – 9%. Fortunately, a hereditary predisposition to diabetes is not fatal. It manifests itself only under the influence of provoking factors. Continue reading

Reflux – Esophagitis

First, a little anatomy. The diaphragm (muscle-tendon septum) separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. Through the esophageal opening of the diaphragm, the esophagus descends into the abdominal cavity and passes into the stomach and that part of it, which is called the cardiac.

At the junction of the esophagus into the stomach, the muscle fibers form a sphincter (pulp). Normally, outside of swallowing, this sphincter is closed, which prevents the contents of the stomach and gastric juice from entering the esophagus. Continue reading

Is it possible to resist the risk factors for coronary heart disease?
Yes you can. Ways to influence them are extremely simple: dietary restrictions, physical activity, quitting smoking and alcohol, compliance with the regime of work and rest. These recommendations are well-known…

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Bronchospastic syndrome
Spasm of the bronchi is accompanied, as a rule, by shortness of breath, shortness of breath. A person is unable to clear his throat and release his lungs from sputum.…

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Tuberculosis
For some time from the moment of detection of pulmonary tuberculosis and until hospitalization, the patient lives at home. Yes, and after treatment in a hospital, although to a lesser…

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Can an Owl Become a Lark?
“Do you go to bed on time?” Many will answer this question negatively, and some will add: “I am an owl.” But the “owl”, they say, is not worth explaining…

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