This disease is the result of a violation of protein metabolism, more precisely, the exchange of the so-called purine bases that are part of the nucleic acids of proteins. Translated from the Greek term “gout” means “trap.” This quite fully reflects its main manifestation – paroxysmal pain in the joints.
For a long time it has been noticed that the GIN is often passed on through inheritance. DEVELOPING IN MOST CASES FOR MEN 40-60 YEARS AND SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCED IN WOMEN. THERE IS A DISEASE IN THE MAIN IMAGE OF THOSE. WHO OVERSIZE. INCLUDES MEAT AND OTHER PRODUCTS CONTAINING PURINE BASES IN RICE IN EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS. Purine metabolism may also be impaired in those who abuse grape wines, in particular champagne, beer, coffee, and chocolate. By the way, purine bases are also found in drugs such as caffeine, theobromine, xanthine. In the doses prescribed by the doctor, these drugs have healing power. But for those. who takes these medicines without a doctor’s prescription, which means that in arbitrary doses, they can cause unwanted changes in the body.
In patients with gout, due to impaired purine metabolism, the breakdown of uric acid slows down. Its crystals are retained primarily in the tissues of the musculoskeletal system. In the area of the joints or on the auricles, dense gouty nodes are formed of various sizes. They sometimes ulcerate, and a white, crumbly mass consisting of uric acid salts stands out from the fistula.
Violation of purine metabolism is accompanied by a violation of fat (lipid) metabolism. Therefore, in many patients body weight increases, atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries progresses, coronary heart disease develops, blood pressure rises steadily. Gout is often accompanied by diabetes mellitus, gallstone disease. significant changes occur in the kidneys.
ACTIONS OF GHOST, AND PROVIDE THEIR ADMISSION OF ALCOHOL, OVERCOOLING, PHYSICAL OR MENTAL OVERVOLTAGE, BEGINNING USUALLY AT AN EXTRAORDINARY EXTRAORDINARY PAIN. It occurs primarily in the joint of the big toe, but can also capture other joints. They quickly swell, the skin turns red above them, sometimes their body temperature rises significantly. By morning the pain subsides, but at night everything repeats again. It lasts 3 to 5 nights.
DOCTOR APPOINTES SICK BED MODE, MEDICINAL TREATMENT, DIET. FIRST DAY AS A RULE, HUNGER OR UNLOADED. IF THERE IS NO Edema, HEALTHY DRINKS (WATER, FRUIT JUICES) ARE RECOMMENDED. WATER WITH A LEMON IS ESPECIALLY USEFUL.
Recently, chronic forms of gout are more common, occurring, as a rule, without acute attacks. But the affected joints of the thumbs, wrist, elbow, knee increase in volume, and when you move in them there is pain.
At the disposal of a doctor there were a lot of effective means of combating gout. AMONG THESE THERE ARE PREPARATIONS BLOCKING THE ENZYME PARTICIPATING IN THE SYNTHESIS OF URIC ACID. This makes it possible to reduce the formation of uric acid salts in the blood serum and thereby prevent their deposition in tissues, joints, and kidneys.
The complex of medicines includes painkillers that promote the excretion of uric acid salts – urates, the removal of inflammatory phenomena. ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS ARE APPOINTED FOR A LONG TERM. They are injected into the joint or imposed on it in the form of applications. Mineral waters are also recommended.
GOOD THERAPEUTIC EFFECT IN THE PERIOD WHEN NO EXTENSION IS GIVEN BALNEOLOGICAL METHODS OF TREATMENT, for example, Tskhaltubo radon springs, Tbilisi thermal sulfide springs, Kamchatka thermal waters. Significantly alleviate the suffering of patients with gout and other balneological resorts. In central Russia it is Khilovo. Kashin, Grandmother’s resort, Totma, Krainka; in the Volga region – Sergievsky mineral waters; in the Urals – Fir, Keys, Yagantau Krasnousolsk, Gai; in the Buryat Autonomous Okrug – Arshan, Goryachensk. Yamarivka, Darasun, Yamkun.
However, the main thing in the treatment of gout is dietary nutrition, contributing to the normalization of purine metabolism, alkalization of urine and increase the solubility of uric acid and its salts. Foods that are poor in shurin bases are recommended: milk, chicken eggs, suluguni and Swiss cheese, potatoes, carrots, lettuce, white and black bread, vegetables, rice, apples, pears and other fruits, plums, wild berries, walnuts.
Beef, veal, lamb, pork, chicken, geese, ducks, sardines, coffee, and cocoa are strictly limited. And the liver, kidneys, brains, meat and fish boils (broths, ears), mushrooms, sorrel, spinach, peas, beans, chocolate are completely excluded from the diet.
You should refuse foods and drinks that stimulate the nervous system – savory foods, smoked meats, spices, strong tea and, of course, alcoholic beverages. If there is no disturbance in the functioning of the heart and kidneys, you can increase the amount of fluid to 2 liters per day. Once a week fruit and vegetable fasting days are recommended.