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Tetanus

The only reliable means of protection against tetanus – this deadly disease – is vaccination.

Do not risk the life of your children! Ensure that your child receives a full course of such vaccinations.

And yourself every 10 years, come to the clinic for vaccination against tetanus.

How many years have passed, but I still can’t forget that terrible story. We lived in the country. and our neighbors were a family: father, mother, 9-year-old son and a girl of 15 years old. I really liked her: tall, long-legged. with a shock of red hair and always cheerful. They called the girl Nastya.

Once she washed the floor and on the steps of the porch slipped a finger. With a needle, Nastia pulled out a splinter and tied a finger with a bandage.

After about a week, the girl felt bad: she lost her appetite, swallowing, winced from pain. Parents decided that she had a sore throat. But only when it became difficult for the girl to open her mouth and she had convulsions of her face muscles, finally a doctor was called. Seeing the patient, he immediately began to ask the girl if she had cuts or abrasions. And then it turned out that she had taken a finger.

The girl was taken to the hospital, but the doctors failed to save her. On the 4th day Nastya died. The cause of her death was tetanus.

Since ancient times, people have known: tetanus is an extremely dangerous disease. In Greece it was called “tetanos”. which means cramps, numbness; in India and Pakistan, the Dgunkova. “daura” (convulsions), in the Arab countries – “gazats” (the disease after a glass cut). In ancient Chinese manuscripts, tetanus is denoted by the term “shyany-phong” (a disease caused by injury).

The causative agent of tetanus enters the body through damaged skin from the surface of the gun. that caused damage, but most often with soil particles, It is noticed that they get sick mainly after cuts and abrasions, which in themselves do not threaten life and performance, In such cases, people usually do not consider it necessary to see a doctor. Another thing – a serious injury, injury. Then the person turns to a medical institution. Specific emergency tetanus prophylaxis is mandatory there.

The main habitat of the tetanus pathogen is soil. In chernozem fertile soils, tetanus bacillus is much more common than in soils poor in humic organic matter. Therefore, tetanus is more common in agricultural areas with fertile soils and a humid warm climate. Residents of rural areas are sick 4-6 times more often than citizens. In spring, when the land is freed from snow, the incidence of tetanus rises and reaches a maximum at the height of summer.

Signs of the disease are usually detected 10 to 14 days after the germs enter the wound. The period from infection to the onset of the disease can range from 1 to 4 days to a month or more.

The disease begins acutely, but sometimes it is preceded by malaise, drawing pain in the wound area. Signs of a beginning tetanus are convulsive contractions of the masticatory muscles (trismus), increasing difficulty opening the mouth, painful swallowing, tension of the occipital muscles.

If these symptoms appear, consult a doctor immediately. With the help of modern intensive methods of treatment, about half of the sick can be saved. If measures are not taken in a timely manner, the disease progresses steadily. Due to convulsions of the facial muscles, the patient’s face acquires a specific expression called a “sardonic smile”: the forehead is wrinkled, the eyes are narrowed, the lips are extended and the corners of the mouth are down. Then cramps cover the muscles of the neck. chest, abdomen, back, legs and arms. Sometimes the muscles are so tense that the patient’s body takes the form of an arc, with two points of support: in the neck and heels. Death occurs from respiratory arrest.

You should be aware that the ONLY reliable method of protection against tetanus is active immunization with tetanus anatoxin. BEGINNING FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD.

According to the current schedule of routine vaccinations in our country, children from 3 months of age should receive a full course of immunization (primary vaccination and revaccination). To do this, use an adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus vaccine (DTP), which vaccinates the child three times with a 1.5-month interval. Revaccination against diphtheria and tetanus is carried out after 1.5 – 2 years, and then at 9 and 16 years.

However, the body’s immunity to tetanus 10 years after vaccination is sharply reduced. Therefore, each person, especially if he is engaged in agricultural work or lives in rural areas. should every 10 years do revaccination in the clinic (the introduction of tetanus toxoid), and those who suffer from allergies should certainly inform the doctor about it.

If a person was injected with toxoid and serum due to injury or injury, then he will need revaccination after 10 years.

In recent years, cases of tetanus disease among older people who have garden plots and work on them have become more frequent.

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