The occurrence of coronary heart disease, including such a severe manifestation as myocardial infarction, is facilitated not only by smoking, poor nutrition, and a sedentary lifestyle. In the development of this disease can contribute, and moreover, very significant, and some psychological factors. Among them, the so-called type A behavior, excessive emotional stress, sleep disorders.
What do cardiologists understand by type A behavior? It is characterized by excessive activity, the desire to achieve greater and greater success, a pronounced tendency to leadership, rivalry, aggressiveness, a feeling of constant lack of time, impatience, anxiety. People who are characterized by such behavior are easy to recognize: they walk quickly, gesticulate energetically, talk a lot and quickly, are constantly busy with some business, practically do not rest, because they are excessively involved in work both during leisure hours and on weekends , and during vacation, which can lead to a heart attack.
They may object to me: after all, enthusiasm for work, striving for success are not bad qualities at all, on the contrary, they are stimulators of high efficiency and great creative impact. All this is so. But, as they say, our shortcomings are a continuation of our advantages. And if a person does not know how to rationally organize his work, alternate it with rest, he will not be able to work productively, and he risks his health.
He may experience mental overstrain, but it reduces labor productivity, impedes the realization of creative opportunities, and leads to an increase in errors in work. Moreover, type A behavior is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease, which is not inferior in importance to smoking. It is proved that people who behave in this way are 2–4 times more likely to develop myocardial infarction due to chronic mental stress. Therefore, Type A behavior seems inappropriate from a medical or social point of view.
Family troubles, conflicts at work, and the inability, for example, to achieve a very desired goal for a long time can lead to chronic emotional stress. The loss of loved ones, other sudden dramatic events in life, are also accompanied by excessive intensity of acute emotional stress, which increases the risk of myocardial infarction.
In turn, emotional overstrain (whether acute or chronic) is often accompanied by sleep disorders and the so-called personality neuroticism, which is manifested by increased irritability, temper, rapid fatigability, and mood instability. Numerous observations by cardiologists have shown that these disorders also increase the risk of developing coronary artery disease.
Of course, no one, unfortunately, has the power to prevent a difficult tragic event in his life, for example, the sudden loss of a loved one. But everyone can master the ways that will help fight it. the consequences of stress, emotional overstrain, just as everyone can learn to prevent mental overstrain, rationally organize their work and leisure.
First of all, I advise you to learn the simplest methods of relaxation. This is easy to do. Choose a quiet place where you do not bother, sit back: lean against the back of the chair, put your feet shoulder width apart, hands on your hips, palms half open. Focus on your breath. Inhaling through the nose, say to yourself: “inhale”, exhaling with your mouth: “exhale”. Imagine that with each breath your body is filled with pleasant ease, anxiety and trouble go further and further.
Try not to over accelerate the pace of your life. For this:
– rationally plan the sequence of upcoming affairs, plan for yourself the actual deadlines for their implementation:
– properly organize your vacation; take time to walk, listen to quiet, calm music. A full rest will allow you to gain strength for further productive work;
– try to slow down the excessively fast pace of your speech: carefully, without interrupting, listen to the interlocutor, so you better understand him and reduce the feeling of impatience and tension;
– do not rush while eating; breakfast; Lunch and dinner should be your time of rest and rejuvenation. Do not read and try not to discuss working matters over food;
– watch the pace of walking, it should not be too fast.
To increase your resistance to stress, if there is no way to change the circumstances, change your attitude towards them. Not all events in life require equal treatment. Try not to be upset about trifles.
If you have an unpleasant business, do not delay: it is better to do it right away so as not to increase the feeling of tension and anxiety.
Objectively weigh your real possibilities. Do not take on the implementation of what is not feasible.