First, let’s find out what is “Mycosis”? Mycosis is a foot fungus.
. Surprisingly tenacious these pathogenic mushrooms! Resistant not only to high temperatures, up to 75-80 °, but even many disinfectants. For months and years they remain viable. And how easily they are transmitted from person to person: normal contact with the patient or the things he used is enough – shoes, stockings, bedding, washcloth, towel, scissors. Therefore, fungal diseases so often become familial.
For a long time, fungi retain their pathogenic properties in exfoliated skin flakes and particles of destroyed nails. Moreover, it is especially good in a humid environment: in wastewater, on wet rugs, floors, floorings of baths, showers, pools.
Depending on the pathogen, fungal diseases and epidermophytosis, clinical manifestations, the development mechanism of which are very similar, are distinguished among fungal diseases. Therefore, I believe that it will be more convenient to combine them here with a common term – mycoses.
Pathogenic fungi affect the skin and nail plates. The manifestations of their “activity” are diverse. In some patients, the skin peels off a little and cracks appear in the interdigital partitions. Others complain of extensive lesions and skin of the trunk. For others, nails are involved in the pathological process.
The success of treatment depends primarily on a timely visit to a doctor. It is always easier to stop the disease in the initial stages than to treat a chronic chronic disease. But do you still for some reason want to delay a visit to a specialist? Well then, be aware: untreated mycoses can last years and decades. The periods of exacerbations are especially severe, when rashes appear in the skin in the form of reddish spots or small vesicles, large foci of erosion appear, weeping begins, and the patient is itchy. On the skin, large foci acquire outlines of a red-cyanotic color resembling a geographical map. Nail plates thicken, become cloudy and dull, crumble.
Increased sweating of the feet, improperly selected shoes and those concomitant diseases that reduce the overall resistance of the body contribute to the progression of the pathological process. Therefore, do everything that strengthens the defenses: spend more time in your free time in the fresh air, move more, do not neglect tempering, dairy and vegetable foods rich in vitamins.
Wash your feet daily, preferably in the evening, with warm water and soap. From cold, the skin coarsens, and this stimulates the development of the disease. After washing, powder your feet with the composition that your doctor will prescribe.
Strictly follow his advice. In some cases, a specialist prescribes ointments and explains how to make lotions from solutions of furatsilina, boric acid. Lubricate flaky and cracked skin between fingers with brilliant green solutions and 2% alcohol iodine solution or undecine, mycoseptin ointments. This must be done every night.
During periods of exacerbation, the doctor may recommend taking a 10% solution of calcium chloride or calcium gluconate tablets. Specify how and for how long to do this for you.
With common forms of mycosis, antifungal medications inside can be recommended. Remember that they should be taken only under the constant supervision of a specialist.
Try to wear cotton socks and stockings. Synthetic ones do not allow air to pass through, and the skin in them seems to block, If, for any reason, you do not refuse kapron and elastic stockings and socks, change them daily. Do not forget to boil them at the same frequency for 5-10 minutes, and disinfect shoes with a 25% formalin solution. To do this, wipe the insole and the inner surface of the shoe with a cotton swab dipped in the solution, and for two hours place the shoes or shoes in a plastic bag, tightly tying it. After this time, remove them and ventilate until the smell disappears completely.
Select shoes strictly according to size. From too tight nails will break more and foci of erosion will increase. Too spacious, dangling on the leg, will rub the damaged areas of the feet when walking. Take extra care of your feet in the summer. After all, the feet sweat from the heat, swell greatly. Keep this in mind when buying shoes.
An important role in the fight against mycoses is prevention. If you are going to a bathhouse, swimming pool, shower, be sure to take rubber slippers. It is possible that a sick person passed on the floor or rugs. Therefore, protect yourself as much as possible. After visiting these places, be sure to wash your feet with running water and dry with a towel.
Do not use porous mats and rugs in bathrooms at home. They are difficult to wash and become a convenient “home” for pathogenic fungi. Better lay pieces of dense rubber.
Everyone should have their own slippers, however, like all other shoes.