Can an Owl Become a Lark?
“Do you go to bed on time?” Many will answer this question negatively, and some will add: “I am an owl.” But the “owl”, they say, is not worth explaining that it’s harmful to go to bed after midnight: after all, deviation from the generally accepted regime is predetermined by nature itself.
But this is by no means the case. – Scientists have long disproved the once-existing theory of “hunters” and “watchmen”, into which humanity supposedly divided back in antiquity. It is well known that a tendency to a particular type (morning or evening) is not transmitted genetically, but is formed under the influence of specific living conditions. And whether a person will be an “owl,” a “lark,” or an arrhythmic, largely depends on his behavior, lifestyle. However, the “lark” mode is more physiological, natural for any person. It is to this regime that our basic physiological functions, for example, body temperature, are adapted. At night, even in a hard-working person, it decreases, as in a sleeping one.But a constant violation of sleep and wakefulness conditions ultimately leads to the fact that some less stable physiological processes begin to rebuild and adapt to the evening rhythm of work. So, the pulse rate, which is usually higher in the morning, for those who work in the evenings, gradually begins to increase in the evening and sometimes becomes even higher than in the morning.
Thus, in a person who is regularly awake in the late evening and at night, flexible physiological functions and more stable ones begin to act mismatched. Violating the regime, we artificially bring discord into the activity of the body, create very difficult conditions for its normal operation.
The state of the human body, which is accustomed to consider itself an “owl,” can be compared with the state of the organism of a polar explorer, an astronaut, that is, a person who has been in extreme conditions for a long time, with the only difference being that “owls” create these conditions themselves.
According to reports, the average daily release of hormones in “owls” is 1.5 times higher than in “larks”. This is the dope due to which evening and night activity of a person is provided, not provided for by nature. And like any dope, it does not pass without a trace to the body. The increased release of adrenaline and norepinephrine contributes to metabolic disorders, the accumulation of its products in the blood, their sedimentation on the walls of blood vessels. As a result, the risk of developing atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease increases. Studies by scientists indicate that human activity in the evening and at night turns into a high price. Judge for yourself.
Myocardial infarction occurs in “owls” and a half times more often than in “larks”. But the opinion of “owls” that work in the evening is better than in the morning is not substantiated by anything. Experiments have shown that, for example, the level of sensorimotor reactions in the evening for “owls” is the same as in the morning, that is, in the morning they can do any job no less successfully than in the evening.
Therefore, if you classify yourself as “owls” (the tests published below will help to determine this accurately), try to gradually restructure the day regimen towards the morning type.
Rebuild is by no means as difficult as it seems. It is enough to postpone the implementation of the most responsible and hard work from the evening to the morning. Do not read just before bedtime, be sure to walk in the evening. Physically work or exercise during the day. Try to go to bed and get up always at the same time. This will help maintain health, significantly increase efficiency.
SO, WHO ARE YOU?
The answer will be given by these tests.
1. Is it difficult for you to get up early in the morning?
a) yes, almost always – 3
b) sometimes – 2
c) rarely – 1
d) extremely rare – 0
2. If you had a choice, what time would you go to bed?
a) after I o’clock in the morning – 3
b) from 23 hours. 30 minutes. up to 1 hour – 2
c) from 10 p.m. up to 23 hours – 30 minutes – one
d) up to 22 hours – 0
3. What breakfast do you prefer during the first hour after waking up?
a) tight – 0
b) less dense – 1
c) you can limit yourself to a boiled egg or a sandwich – 2
d) a cup of tea or coffee is enough – 3
4. If you recall your last quarrels at work and at home, then mainly at what time did they occur?
a) in the 1st half of the day – 1
b) in the 2nd half of the day 0
5. What could you give up more easily?
a) from morning tea or coffee – 2
b) from evening tea – 0
6. How easily do you break your eating habits during the holidays or vacation?
a) very easy – 0
b) easy enough – 1
c) difficult – 2
d) remain unchanged – 3
7. If important things are to come early in the morning, how much time do you go to bed earlier than the usual schedule?
a) more than 2 hours – 3
b) for 1 – 2 hours – 2
c) less than 1 hour – 1
d) as usual – 0
8. How accurately can you estimate a period of time equal to a minute? Ask someone to help you in this test.
a) less than a minute – 0
6) more than a minute – 2
If you scored 0 – 7 points – you are an “early bird”, 8–13 an arrhythmic, 14–20 an “owl”.