The number of patients with diabetes in all economically developed countries is growing steadily. Currently, there are about 50-60 million of them in the world. Given that approximately the same number of people have diabetes in a latent form, the total number of patients is at least 100 million people. More often people over 40 – 50 years old get diabetes.
The main reasons for the increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus are many experts consider overeating, an increase in the amount of sugar and other easily digestible carbohydrates in the diet. decrease in physical activity. The hereditary predisposition also matters. The greatest risk of getting diabetes is in those whose mother and father have diabetes (the risk of the disease is 60%). If one of the parents is sick, then the risk of getting sick is 22%, one of the ancestors – 14%, a cousin or brother – 9%. Fortunately, a hereditary predisposition to diabetes is not fatal. It manifests itself only under the influence of provoking factors. Continue reading
The effect of cold on the entire surface of the body, when its temperature drops below 35 °, causes general cooling of the body. The prolonged action of low temperatures can lead to freezing, while the functions of the body are inhibited, up to their complete extinction. However, one should not think that during freezing the body temperature reaches zero. A person dies when his body temperature drops to 17 – 25 °.
The body becomes less resistant to cooling during starvation, significant fatigue, intoxication, getting into cold water, as well as after injuries, blood loss, It is noticed that hypothermia occurs faster in old people and children. High humidity, strong wind, especially if a person is dressed in light, tight or wet clothes, contribute to cold injury. Continue reading
Conjunctivitis, that is, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye, is known to many. But not everyone knows about chlamydial conjunctivitis, which ophthalmologists often have to deal with. The causative agents of this disease – chlamydia – occupy an intermediate position between viruses and bacteria. Like viruses, they multiply in the cells of the human body, and like bacteria, they die under the influence of antibiotics and sulfa drugs.
Chlamydia can affect not only the mucous membrane of the eyelid, the eyeball, but also the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, lower gastrointestinal tract, and urogenital organs. More often than not, chlamydia is transmitted sexually, therefore, the diseases caused by them are classified as venereal. Continue reading