The number of patients with diabetes in all economically developed countries is growing steadily. Currently, there are about 50-60 million of them in the world. Given that approximately the same number of people have diabetes in a latent form, the total number of patients is at least 100 million people. More often people over 40 – 50 years old get diabetes.
The main reasons for the increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus are many experts consider overeating, an increase in the amount of sugar and other easily digestible carbohydrates in the diet. decrease in physical activity. The hereditary predisposition also matters. The greatest risk of getting diabetes is in those whose mother and father have diabetes (the risk of the disease is 60%). If one of the parents is sick, then the risk of getting sick is 22%, one of the ancestors – 14%, a cousin or brother – 9%. Fortunately, a hereditary predisposition to diabetes is not fatal. It manifests itself only under the influence of provoking factors. Continue reading
The causes of psoriasis, although widely studied in different countries, are still reliably unknown. There is evidence of a hereditary predisposition to this disease, that it is based on a violation of the immune status – a weakening of the body’s defenses. It is suggested that the disease causes the virus, but it has not yet been isolated. A significant role in the development of psoriasis is given to disorders of the central nervous and endocrine systems.
Insufficient knowledge of the exact cause of the disease, as well as the factors causing its exacerbation, and explains the difficulties that have to be encountered in the treatment of psoriasis.
Scientists and clinicians have come to the conclusion that not in all cases when a diagnosis of psoriasis is made, active treatment should be immediately carried out. Continue reading
The effect of cold on the entire surface of the body, when its temperature drops below 35 °, causes general cooling of the body. The prolonged action of low temperatures can lead to freezing, while the functions of the body are inhibited, up to their complete extinction. However, one should not think that during freezing the body temperature reaches zero. A person dies when his body temperature drops to 17 – 25 °.
The body becomes less resistant to cooling during starvation, significant fatigue, intoxication, getting into cold water, as well as after injuries, blood loss, It is noticed that hypothermia occurs faster in old people and children. High humidity, strong wind, especially if a person is dressed in light, tight or wet clothes, contribute to cold injury. Continue reading