Protective barriers in the lungs
It is not difficult to imagine what would happen if the smallest particles of dust, aerosols, various microorganisms contained in the inhaled air fall into the lungs. Very soon, their…

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Bronchospastic syndrome
Spasm of the bronchi is accompanied, as a rule, by shortness of breath, shortness of breath. A person is unable to clear his throat and release his lungs from sputum.…

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Smoking harms your health
For a long time, people have been trying to learn how to manage their mood, stimulate working capacity, take measures to help calm down ... Many people consider tobacco smoking…

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premature baby

Leather

Skin is an important and complex organ that performs various functions. It protects the body from external influences (mechanical, chemical, physical). Healthy and intact skin creates a reliable barrier to pathogens. She participates in the processes of respiration, excretion, thermoregulation; its role in metabolism and other vital processes is great.

The outer epidermal layer, or epidermis (I), is isolated in the skin. the skin itself – the dermis (II) and the subcutaneous tissue lying below it – the hypodermis (III).

The epidermis is formed by several dozen layers of epithelial cells lying one above the other. Its thickness is not the same everywhere, the thickest epidermis – up to 1.5 millimeters – has the skin of the soles, palms, and the thinnest – 0.03 millimeters – the skin of the eyelids. Continue reading

Tuberculosis

For some time from the moment of detection of pulmonary tuberculosis and until hospitalization, the patient lives at home. Yes, and after treatment in a hospital, although to a lesser extent, it can be dangerous to others if it does not stop the secretion of bacteria.

All this time, the patient himself and his family members are required to comply with the sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic regime that prevents the spread of infection. It is necessary to remember and carefully follow the recommendations of the medical staff of the TB dispensary, which provides disinfectants for the disinfection of household items seeded with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

In this article, we continue the discussion of how the patient and his family should behave in order to block the spread of tuberculosis infection. Continue reading

Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus owes its name to the fact that it is located at the base of the brain in the sub-tubercle region. Translated from the Latin hypothalamus, there is a hypothalamus. This is one of the oldest subcortical formations of the brain, most developed in higher mammals and humans.

The hypothalamus is an accumulation of nerve cells and projection pathways that connect it with other structures of the brain and spinal cord. More than three dozen paired nuclei of the hypothalamus are topographically divided into anterior, middle, and posterior groups, and its projection paths are divided into incoming and outgoing. Extensive anatomical and functional connections of the hypothalamus provide a wide range of its activity. Continue reading

First aid for frostbite
Among domestic and industrial injuries, injuries resulting from exposure to freezing temperatures occupy a special place. Frostbite is also possible at positive (from 0 to + 5 °) air temperature,…

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Is it possible to resist the risk factors for coronary heart disease?
Yes you can. Ways to influence them are extremely simple: dietary restrictions, physical activity, quitting smoking and alcohol, compliance with the regime of work and rest. These recommendations are well-known…

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Stress
And so, what should be done to increase the body's resistance to everything that contributes to the development of asthenic negative emotions and neurosis - the highest degrees of stress,…

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Heart attacks
The occurrence of coronary heart disease, including such a severe manifestation as myocardial infarction, is facilitated not only by smoking, poor nutrition, and a sedentary lifestyle. In the development of…

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