Skin is an important and complex organ that performs various functions. It protects the body from external influences (mechanical, chemical, physical). Healthy and intact skin creates a reliable barrier to pathogens. She participates in the processes of respiration, excretion, thermoregulation; its role in metabolism and other vital processes is great.
The outer epidermal layer, or epidermis (I), is isolated in the skin. the skin itself – the dermis (II) and the subcutaneous tissue lying below it – the hypodermis (III).
The epidermis is formed by several dozen layers of epithelial cells lying one above the other. Its thickness is not the same everywhere, the thickest epidermis – up to 1.5 millimeters – has the skin of the soles, palms, and the thinnest – 0.03 millimeters – the skin of the eyelids. Continue reading
For some time from the moment of detection of pulmonary tuberculosis and until hospitalization, the patient lives at home. Yes, and after treatment in a hospital, although to a lesser extent, it can be dangerous to others if it does not stop the secretion of bacteria.
All this time, the patient himself and his family members are required to comply with the sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic regime that prevents the spread of infection. It is necessary to remember and carefully follow the recommendations of the medical staff of the TB dispensary, which provides disinfectants for the disinfection of household items seeded with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
In this article, we continue the discussion of how the patient and his family should behave in order to block the spread of tuberculosis infection. Continue reading
The hypothalamus owes its name to the fact that it is located at the base of the brain in the sub-tubercle region. Translated from the Latin hypothalamus, there is a hypothalamus. This is one of the oldest subcortical formations of the brain, most developed in higher mammals and humans.
The hypothalamus is an accumulation of nerve cells and projection pathways that connect it with other structures of the brain and spinal cord. More than three dozen paired nuclei of the hypothalamus are topographically divided into anterior, middle, and posterior groups, and its projection paths are divided into incoming and outgoing. Extensive anatomical and functional connections of the hypothalamus provide a wide range of its activity. Continue reading