The effect of cold on the entire surface of the body, when its temperature drops below 35 °, causes general cooling of the body. The prolonged action of low temperatures can lead to freezing, while the functions of the body are inhibited, up to their complete extinction. However, one should not think that during freezing the body temperature reaches zero. A person dies when his body temperature drops to 17 – 25 °.
The body becomes less resistant to cooling during starvation, significant fatigue, intoxication, getting into cold water, as well as after injuries, blood loss, It is noticed that hypothermia occurs faster in old people and children. High humidity, strong wind, especially if a person is dressed in light, tight or wet clothes, contribute to cold injury.
The onset of general cooling has characteristic signs – agitation, chills, blueness of the lips, pallor and cooling of the skin, “goose bumps”, shortness of breath, increased heart rate. Continue reading
From the attitude of a person who has had a myocardial infarction, to his condition, to medical recommendations, his further fate sometimes depends: whether he will return to a full-blooded life, overcome the disease or reconcile with it, turn into a disabled person. It is no coincidence, according to statistics, it is psychological factors that are the main reason that prevents the return to work of every second patient who has had a heart attack.
This disease, occurring most often suddenly, incapacitates a person, breaks his life plans. Patients react differently to what happened. According to our observations, approximately two-thirds of patients are reasonable, without panic, about what happened; perform doctor’s appointments, actively fight the disease and its consequences. However, a third of patients react differently. Some experience constant fear, although danger has already passed. Continue reading
Chronic bronchitis is the most common disease of the bronchopulmonary system, and at the same time the least studied, which is to some extent due to the presence of many factors predisposing to this ailment.
In the mechanism of development of bronchitis, many scientists assign a leading role to the infectious principle, since often chronic bronchitis is a consequence of untreated acute. However, most pulmonologists around the world consider smoking to be the main cause of the development of chronic bronchitis. It was established that inhalation of tobacco smoke causes an inflammatory process in the mucous membrane lining the bronchi from the inside, which leads to a violation of their structure and function. Continue reading